There are more signs of rapid climate change in the Arctic.
Researchers say five ice shelves along Ellesmere Island in Canada's far-north have shrunk by 23 per cent this summer alone.
The shelves once covered an area of more than 5,000 square kilometres but now they are barely 10 per cent of that.
Warwick Vincent of the centre for northern studies at Quebec's Laval University describes the impact of the melting this year as staggering.
He says climate models suggest the most severe changes will take place in the highest northern latitudes, as a starting point for more substantial changes throughout the rest of the planet.
That means more hurricanes, cyclones and floods.
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