Monday, December 13, 2010

Save Bengal and Bengali a call of time

Hello all bengali brother and sister . All uncle, aunt all grand father and grand mother,
all singers,NRI,writer,actor,singer,Politician,educationalist,scientist,researcher everybody who love Bengal,who really love and respect the bengali language . This is the time to get up and save the planet´s most nice and friendly place . Day by day there is os much chaos are happening in Bengal . Bengali´s are becoming more and more away from the bengal . Due to facing hard life with critical situation and fighting for Survival . If I had said something wrong please forgive me . I am apologising as when I see back my childhood it was so happiest moment there.Now those happiness is no more found. We must be united more and work out . We have greater success in whole world now we must be successful in this mission . There are really lots of talented people around the world who are from Bengal,who really loves Bangla . But due to the current sitution not feeling to return back . So we must work now and try to save the place where atleast our next Generation loves to live . See the people of the other Part of the world how much they Love their motherland . Can´t we able to be same as them .

Sometimes I feel that the time will be changed and people will be liked to live there without any kind of hesitation . Only we need to make it more nice and that can be possible by us who really Loves the Bangla and hopes the best for Bangla. I wish to take the opportunity to invite you on this Topic to speak out. How we like to be Bangla ? We can start working for it now I am not asking to start another Political party to form. But really to think for Bangla now . This is WEST BENGAL a place there are lots of Nobel born will we let it to be finish before our eyes . Can´t we do anything for it ????

I have several plan in my mind .

They are like as below . You can put any comments regarding this if I am wrong or right .If you like or dislike ? Please let me know .

I wish the place kolkata & West Bengal will be clean without any Polution . If the other countries can adapt the alternative sources to Protect the environment. Why can´t we?

I wish we have very powerful resource of people . We have experts people in their specific field . We must try to work and give support to others.Much more effecient than other countries.

I wish we must not work by seeing in Political angle . As we must consider same .

I will try to add more wishes regularly in the meantime if you have any idea please don´t hesitate to share . Just put in comments if it is really useful we will publish and let you know .

Saturday, November 20, 2010

Marvellous Kolkata in OLD time

Dense cloud over Nalaban Lake, Kolkata.Image via Wikipedia

The real Marvellous place live in the World is KOLKATA . It have wide Cultural root inside . Where you found everything and everybody. Check the real Kolkata long back when the Kolkata is the real Nice Place to live . Wish you all will love to watch the video . Kolkata is filled with Love,respect,Nobel laurette,Educated peoples resource ,proper harmony between love & law .
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No place will be like this in the World Bengali & Kolkata really exceptional

Thursday, November 4, 2010

Music for Sleep real relaxation music

If you are looking for some real Relaxation music for sleep or for peace of mind then check this Video to get real chat of OM . I am Soul

Tuesday, October 26, 2010

Quick Remedy for back Pain

When you are backed up against the pain

You no longer have to put up with those pesky backaches as new and advanced interventional procedures offer a quick and easy alternative to surgery.
If there's one kind of ache that most of us are familiar with, it's a backache. It may originate in almost any part of the back and immobilise us. The worst part is that just when you think the pain has settled, it resurfaces, forcing those who stay on painkillers, do rounds of physiotherapists or keep switching doctors in search of relief. "Despite pain being the fifth vital sign, it is ignored by doctors until it shows on an MRI scan," says Dr K J Choudhury, senior consultant, pain management, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals. According to estimates, spinal pain, particularly lower back pain, affects about 40 to 80 per cent of the population in a lifetime. And, this is going to be worse with experts predicting that in the coming years 80 per cent of the population will have spinal or low back pain at some point or the other during their lifetime. "With younger and younger complaining of backache, we are witnessing a paradigm shift in the age group of people suffering from back pain," says Dr Ashok K Saxena, international pain specialist and editor of Indian Journal of Pain. According to experts, apart from poor dietary habits and high stress level, lack of physical activity and sitting in the same posture at a stretch are the main reasons why more and more people are getting a bad back pain.
CHRONIC pain is a disease in itself. The earlier this is treated, the better. According to experts in pain management, ninety percent of the people with back pain just require simple medication and treatment which doesn't cost much. But unfortunately one in five patients with chronic pain in India don't get the right treatment in time mainly because they continue to consult doctors who are unable to arrive at a diagnosis and cure quickly. "Often doctors tell their patients that their pain is in the mind when they are unable to find the source of pain through scans," says Dr P N Jain, President, Indian Society for the Study of Pain (ISSP). According to Dr Jain, such people keep living in acute pain which later turn into chronic pain and require costly procedures. "It is important to move on from an orthopaedician to a pain specialist if the former is unable to pinpoint the source of pain," says Dr Saxena. Pain specialists deal in the management of pain that ranges from migraine to neck pain to cancer pain. According to experts, the approach of a pain specialist in finding a cure for back pain differs from that of an orthopaedician's."Many orthopaedicians choose a conservative approach such as a surgery to cure your back pain conditions. Whereas pain specialists mainly deal in noninvasive management of pain," says Dr Kailash Kothari, spine and pain physician, Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai.
Also, they have an edge over other specialists as their approach is holistic. They are trained in delivering pharmacological medication, precision diagnostic and interventional procedures which are required when conventional methods fail. For instance, studies suggest that more than half the patients who see a doctor for back pain undergo MRI scans. And even though all of them had healthy backs, two out of three of them came back with M.R.I. reports that showed disk problems. In such cases while an orthopaedician usually suggests surgery by trusting the imaging results, pain specialists apply other approaches to be sure about the source of pain generator. "Scans don't tell you the whole story, which is why we try to investigate the sources of pain generator which could be in the muscles or discs or facet joints or spinal canal stenosis through newer diagnostic techniques such as diagnostic injections or nerve block or provocative discography," says Dr Kothari.
THERE are no simple cures for backache, is what most people suffering from it think. Most of us put up with chronic back pain and keep suffering for years thinking that the damage to ourspine is irreversible and we have to learn to live with it. What many of us might not know is the growing number of interventional procedures to treat all kinds of backache problems without a cut in the body. These are an alternative to surgeries, which most patients fear going for and cost a lot. "Ninety per cent of painrelated surgery can be avoided by doing interventional procedures which assure high success rate, have low morbidity, cost less and doesn't require hospitalisation.
Moreover these procedures can be repeated without any morbidity," says Dr Neeraj Jain, senior consultant, pain management, Spine Disc and Pain Clinic. For the first time in India, a set of guidelines on back pain diagnosis and treatment are released by an association of pain specialists. Formulated by ISSP in collaboration with the Brufen Foundation, the protocol and guidelines are formulated to help doctors in providing a welldefined sequence of diagnostic investigations and the line of treatment for specific conditions associated with acute or chronic pain. The guidelines also include a list of advanced interventional procedures which could be done in treating various back ache problems. Here we inform you about a few of them which have helped many in getting rid of their pain.
HAD you been taken to the doctor for a verterbral collapse some years back, you would have taken weeks to recuperate from a major surgery. Today, an expert in interventional procedures takes less than half an hour to fix your broken spine bone. A patient with verterbral collapse, either due to an injury or osteoporosis or bone metastatis, are nowadays treated with vertebroplasty, a non-invasive, quick fix procedure done under local anaesthesia. The doctor first identifies the affected vertebra and subsequently injects a special type of liquid cement material into the centre of the vertebral body. Once set, the cement gives the vertebra extra strength, and gives immediate relief from the pain. The patient is discharged the same evening and is able to walk the next day. "It's an excellent procedure with very low incidence of side effects and morbidities in patients," says Dr Neeraj Jain.
RECOMMENDED FOR: Osteoporotic fractures, vertebral haemangiomas, painful spine bones after spread of cancer, non cancerous painful tumours of spine bones and to augment strength of weak spine bone for other surgical procedures.
Intradiscal Electrothermal Therapy (IDET)
IF YOU have been suffering from low back disc pain for more than six months without any relief from exercises, medication and corticosteroid injections, it's time to talk to your doctor about IDET.
IDET is a technique to treat discogenic back pain. It uses a probe inserted into the disc to heat the tissues within the affected disc. Heating the inside of the disc causes the tissues to shrink. It also burns the small nerve fibres in the periphery of the disc. To put it simply it reduces the volume of disc by burning the tissues. "This procedure is developed for the treatment of chronic lower back pain originating in discs," says Dr Choudhury.
IDET is a safe procedure with fewer complications arising in not more than 20 per cent of people going for it. But the most important aspect of this procedure is choosing the right patient.
Patients must fit into the criteria and should show lack of satisfactory improvements with intensive exercise, oral anti-inflammatory medication and physiotherapy. Also, people with weak spine or inflammatory arthritis and people with advanced stages of disc failures are not recommended to go for this procedure.
RECOMMENDED FOR: For patients with symptoms from one or more discs, with tears or fissures in which the nucleus is contained and where a disc is bulging but has not ruptured.
Spinal Cord Stimulation
SPINAL cord stimulation offers hope for those patients who have not experienced success with conventional therapies for spinal pain relief. It's an advanced as well as expensive procedure where a small pulse generator is implanted in the back which sends low-level electrical signal to the spinal cord or to specific nerves to block pain signals from reaching the brain. The procedure is usually done using a local anaesthetic and a sedative. "In simple words it is a pacemaker implantation for spinal cord conditions," says Dr Choudhury.
Only selected patients qualify for this procedure, who have had a successful trial period with the spinal cord stimulator, which takes about 50,000. So, you don't have to take a risk of spending huge money on this procedure which might not show good results for your condition. "It's a very common procedure in western countries but here I do about 5 to 6 procedures in a year. And, my patients haven't come to me for complications yet," says Dr Choudhury. On an average, a person doesn't need the stimulator more than an hour a day.Earlier the stimulator came with a battery life of 2 to 5 years but nowadays they also come with rechargeable batteries.
RECOMMENDED FOR: Spinal cord stimulation is recommended when conservative methods fail to relieve pain. However, in certain conditions it is an ideal treatment: people with failed back or neck surgery syndrome, pain owing to peripheral vascular disease and those in ischaemic pain.

Labelled by Vsion, using another Public Domain...Image via Wikipedia

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Tuesday, October 12, 2010

Native American relaxation Music with Flute

This is real nice Flute Musi from the American Indian Listen you will LOVE them really.

Wednesday, September 1, 2010

Do you want to make money in the stock market even if you don't own any shares?

Do you want to make money in the stock market even if you don't own any shares? You can do it through short selling. The technique involves selling shares you don't own at a higher price and then buying them back at a lower price. The difference between the two prices is your profit. However, this involves risk as the short seller does not own the shares during trading and it is probable that he may default on settlement or delivery. To reduce the risk, SEBI launched the Securities Lending and Borrowing Scheme (SLBS) on the NSE in April 2008.

Schematic representation of naked short sellin...Image via Wikipedia

When a trader short sells shares he doesn't own, it's termed a naked short sale. SLBS allows the trader to borrow shares at the initiation of the short sale. This is called covered short selling and ensures that the trader fulfils his obligation by imposing adequate margins. Under the scheme, the lenders give their idle shares to short sellers for a period ranging from one month to a year, for a fee that is determined by demand and supply. This gives long-term investors an opportunity to earn additional income. SLBS is applicable in the cash market.
However, short-selling can also be done in the derivatives market. An investor can go short on a stock or market index by selling a futures contract or by buying a put option. Futures enable a trader to buy or sell a fixed quantity of stocks or index (defined in terms of market lots) within a specified period, while a put option grants its buyer a right to sell. So if XYZ stock is trading at Rs 100, the futures seller as well as the buyer of a 100 strike put option will gain if the price falls below Rs 100 on the date of settlement.
However, short selling via the derivatives market has some drawbacks compared with doing it through SLBS in the cash market. In the derivatives market, the futures and options (F&O) are traded in market lots, so one has to buy or sell the number of contracts specified in the rulebook. On the other hand, in SLBS, the market lot is one stock. So if a trader wants to sell ITC futures, he needs to trade in a market lot of 1,000 shares. This means a wrong judgment could magnify the losses for the trader. However, by using SLBS, he can choose to short sell only one stock. This safeguards him from the ill-effects of leverage.
Pros and Cons
SLBS helps in exploiting arbitrage opportunities between the cash and derivatives markets. When the futures are trading at a discount to the cash market, one can short sell the shares by borrowing them through SLBS while simultaneously buying the futures contract. Let's assume the stock of ABC is trading at Rs 200 in the cash market and at Rs 180 in the futures market. The market lot is 100 shares, while the market-determined cost of borrowing the shares through SLBS is Rs 5 per share. If we borrow shares in the cash market and sell them, and simultaneously buy the futures contract, it will entail a profit of Rs 2,000 [100 x (200-180)]. Even after paying Rs 500 as borrowing cost, we will generate Rs 1,500 as riskless profit.
Though SLBS seems beneficial, investors have ignored it and all efforts to garner their interest have failed. Between June 2009 and June 2010, there have only been 106 trades, amounting to a meagre Rs 6.42 lakh. The majority of the participants prefer the derivatives segment for short selling. According to experts, the reason for the lack of interest is the high cost associated with SLBS. According to Santanu Syam, Executive Director of Operations at Angel Broking: "A borrower needs to pay the full amount up front, besides additional margins. The sum of all margins works out to as high as 100 per cent or sometimes even more." Also, SLBS is applicable only to stocks that are traded in the F&O segment.
The system forces investors to shell out more than they need to pay in the derivatives segment. For example, if an investor wants to borrow 125 shares of Infosys at a price of Rs 2,600, it would involve a payment of Rs 3.25 lakh, plus the cost of borrowing. Also, margins such as cash margins are as high as 25 per cent of the lending price. So a short seller will need to pay Rs 4.06 lakh. In the derivatives segment, the investor will pay about 40 per cent margin (all inclusive).
Therefore, the same could be short sold with a margin of Rs 1.3 lakh. Short selling is beneficial when the markets are overvalued or when stocks are trading at unwarranted premiums over their fair values. Also, it enhances liquidity and provides stability to the stock markets. "To make the scheme more useful, the regulator should revise the margin requirement and introduce scrips other than those listed in the F&O segment," says Syam. Hopefully, the recent approval by SEBI to allow physical settlement in the derivatives segment will be the impetus that revives SLBS.

Bombay Stock ExchangeImage via Wikipedia

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Wednesday, August 4, 2010

Wonderful Chill out Music you will Relaxed

If you are really feeling unpeaceful or have no time to visit Ocean then check it out from here you will love it really . I found it great peace of Music.

Tuesday, August 3, 2010

Solar tsunami from Sun may hit Earth on Tuesday

 Washington, August 3 (ANI): The Earth is in the path to be hit by a wave of violent space weather as early as Tuesday after a massive explosion of the sun, scientists have warned.
Astronomers witnessed the huge flare above a giant sunspot the size of the Earth, the explosion aimed directly towards Earth.
It sent a "solar tsunami" racing 93 million miles across space, which is likely to hit the planet on Tuesday.
The wave of supercharged gas is likely to spark spectacular displays of the aurora or northern and southern lights.
However, a really big solar eruption could shut down global communication grids and destroy satellites, if it reaches today.
A recent warning by NASA said that Britain could be at the receiving end of widespread power blackouts for a long time after the earth is hit by a once-in-a-generation "space storm".
"It looks like the first eruption was so large that it changed the magnetic fields throughout half the Sun's visible atmosphere and provided the right conditions for the second eruption," said Dr Lucie Green, of the Mullard Space Science Laboratory, Surrey.
"This means we have a very good chance of seeing major and prolonged effects, such as the northern lights at low latitudes," she added. (ANI)

A Solar Flare, image taken by the TRACE satell...Image via Wikipedia

Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska — The Aurora Bo...Image via Wikipedia

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Thursday, July 22, 2010

Five Mistakes Online Job Hunters Make

In a tight job market, building and maintaining an online presence is critical to networking and job hunting. Done right, it can be an important tool for present and future networking and useful for potential employers trying to get a sense of who you are, your talents and your experience. Done wrong, it can easily take you out of the running for most positions.
Here are five mistakes online job hunters make:
Office: want Otso's job?Image by wili_hybrid via Flickr

1. Forgetting manners.
If you use Twitter or you write a blog, you should assume that hiring managers and recruiters will read your updates and your posts. A December 2009 study by Microsoft Corp. found that 79% of hiring managers and job recruiters review online information about job applicants before making a hiring decision. Of those, 70% said that they have rejected candidates based on information that they found online. Top reasons listed? Concerns about lifestyle, inappropriate comments, and unsuitable photos and videos.
"Everything is indexed and able to be searched," says Miriam Salpeter, an Atlanta-based job search and social media coach. "Even Facebook, which many people consider a more private network, can easily become a trap for job seekers who post things they would not want a prospective boss to see."

Don't be lulled into thinking your privacy settings are foolproof. "All it takes is one person sharing information you might not want shared, forwarding a post, or otherwise breaching a trust for the illusion of privacy in a closed network to be eliminated," says Ms. Salpeter, who recommends not posting anything illegal (even if it's a joke), criticism of a boss, coworker or client, information about an interviewer, or anything sexual or discriminatory. "Assume your future boss is reading everything you share online," she says.
2. Overkill.
Blanketing social media networks with half-done profiles accomplishes nothing except to annoy the exact people you want to impress: prospective employees trying to find out more about on you.
One online profile done well is far more effective than several unpolished and incomplete ones, says Sree Sreenivasan, dean of students at Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism. He made the decision early on to limit himself to three social-networking sites: Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter. "There is just not enough time," he says. "Pick two or three, then cultivate a presence there."

Many people make the mistake of joining LinkedIn and other social media sites and then just letting their profiles sit publicly unfinished, says Krista Canfield, a LinkedIn spokesperson. "Just signing up for an account simply isn't enough," she says. "At a bare minimum, make sure you're connected to at least 35 people and make sure your profile is 100 percent complete. Members with complete profiles are 40 times more likely to receive opportunities through LinkedIn."
LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter are the three most popular social networking sites for human resources managers to use for recruiting, according to a survey released last month by JobVite, a maker of recruiting software.
3. Not getting the word out.
When accounting firm Dixon Hughes recently had an opening for a business development executive, Emily Bennington, the company's director of marketing and development, posted a link to the opportunity on her Facebook page. "I immediately got private emails from a host of people in my network, none of whom I knew were in the market for a new job," she says. " I understand that there are privacy concerns when it comes to job hunting, but if no one knows you're looking, that's a problem, too."
Changing this can be as simple as updating your status on LinkedIn and other social networking sites to let people know that you are open to new positions. If you're currently employed and don't want your boss to find out that you're looking, you'll need to be more subtle. One way to do this is to give prospective employers a sense of how you might fit in, says Dan Schawbel, author of "Me 2.0" and founder of Millennial Branding. "I recommend a positioning, or personal brand statement, that depicts who you are, what you do, and what audience you serve, so that people get a feeling for how you can benefit their company."
4. Quantity over quality.
Choose connections wisely; only add people you actually know or with whom you've done business. Whether it's on LinkedIn, Facebook or any other networking site, "it's much more of a quality game than a quantity game," says Ms. Canfield. A recruiter may choose to contact one of your connections to ask about you; make sure that person is someone you know and trust.
And there's really no excuse for sending an automated, generic introduction, says Ms. Canfield. "Taking the extra five to 10 seconds to write a line or two about how you know the other person and why'd you'd like to connect to them can make the difference between them accepting or declining your connection request," she says. "It also doesn't hurt to mention that you're more than willing to help them or introduce them to other people in your network."
5. Online exclusivity.
Early last year, Washington's Tacoma Public Utilities posted a water meter reader position on its website. The response? More than 1,600 people applied for the $17.76 an hour position.
With the larger number of people currently unemployed (and under-employed), many employers are being inundated with huge numbers of applications for any positions they post. In order to limit the applicant pool, some have stopped posting positions on their websites and job boards, says Tim Schoonover, chairman of career consulting firm OI Partners.
Scouring the Web for a position and doing nothing else is rarely the best way to go. "When job-seekers choose to search for jobs exclusively online– rather than also include in-person networking–they may be missing out on 'hidden' opportunities," says Mr. Schoonover. "Higher-level jobs are not posted as often as lower-level jobs online. In-person networking may be needed to uncover these higher-level positions, which may be filled by executive recruiters."

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Monday, July 12, 2010

A foreign guide to the UK

Bad teeth, bad food, football hooligans – that's the press the Britain gets in other countries. It’s also a nation where those types are often imagined to be living harmoniously alongside distinguished, posh middle-class men in top hats and women with parasols.
The White Cliffs of Dover from a ferryImage via Wikipedia

But stereotypes aside, what information is really being fed back to our foreign friends about us Brits? We scoured the travel guides to see how we're really perceived by the rest of the world.
The people
"Calmness in the face of adversity, a laconic sense of humour, a sense of decency and fair play, and mastery of understatement are all fundamental facets of the British character – at least, as seen by the British themselves. Ask the French and you might get a rather different list of attributes that includes stand-offishness, anti-intellectualism, public drunkenness and being crap at cooking." - Lonely Planet, Great Britain, 8th Edition
Bit harsh. We're not that bad at cooking. Thanks to our calmness in the face of adversity and laconic sense of humour we can laugh that kind of misconception off. Not that there aren't ways to make us cry...
"The nostalgic English – especially after a few pints – can get downright weepy about their White Cliffs of Dover." - Frommer's England 2010, published in the US
Those white cliffs - get you every time don't they?

'The White Cliffs of Dover'Image via Wikipedia

The culture
"The British are famously addicted to forming orderly queues, be it for buses, train tickets, or to pay at the supermarket. The order is sacrosanct and woe betide any foreigner who gets this wrong. Few things are more calculated to spark an outburst of tutting – about as publicly cross as most Brits get – than 'pushing in' at a queue." - Lonely Planet, Great Britain, 8th Edition
Yep, queuing – we love it. Can't get enough of it. Unless it's getting dangerously close to 4pm and it's not looking like we're going to be back in time to boil the kettle...
"From the lowliest 'caff' (cafeteria) in the working-class districts of Birmingham to the Queen's posh Buckingham Palace suite, class tradition melts at four o'clock every afternoon as the nation pauses to partake of its most beloved ritual: Afternoon Tea." - Frommer's England 2010, published in the USA
Although not 100% factually accurate there are worse descriptions of collective England out there:
"England is a nation of overweight, binge-drinking reality TV addicts" - Rough Guide to England, 8th Edition – published in over 200 countries
Alright, Rough Guide, don't hold back.
The places
"Liverpool and Manchester are as depressing places as you're likely to find anywhere... whilst the locals can be entertaining on a good day, the weather is shit, heroin is epidemic (but meth is catching on) and you've got a better chance of thugs putting you in hospital for no apparent reason than in any other part of England – and that's saying something." - US website Road Junky Travel
Calm down, calm down. That's one way to look at two of our most happening, cosmopolitan cities. But what is the international conception of England's capital?
"When a yobbo in a car - radio on full-blast, mobile glued to the ear, indicator controls untouched - nearly runs you over at a pedestrian crossing and you protest, he dissolves into road rage as only Londoners know it." - Lonely Planet, London
Enough said.
The food
"Brits love a big hearty feed of bangers and mash, fish and chips with mushy peas, pork pies or pasties. Curry also rates highly (a popular import from colonial days in India) along with loads of other dishes reflecting Britain’s multicultural population. With all that good food going around, it’s hardly surprising more than 60 per cent of people in the UK are either overweight or obese." –, travel magazine for Australian, New Zealand and South African expats
"With all that food going round?" It’s not like we eat it all at once. At least some guides are beginning to realise that the UK’s culinary habits are changing, and our reputation for bad food is no longer justified...
"If you want to see what Britain is eating today, just drop in at Harvey Nicol’s Fifth Floor, in London’s Knightbridge." – Frommer’s England 2010
Absolutely – it’s where we eat all the time!

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Sunday, July 11, 2010

European probe Rosetta successfully flies by asteroid: ESA

The European spacecraft Rosetta performed a fly-by of a massive asteroid on Saturday, the European Space Agency said, taking images that could one day help Earth defend itself from destruction.  

Racing through the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter at 47,800 kph (29,925 mph), the billion-euro (1.25-billion-dollar) probe flew within 3,200 kms (2,000 miles) of the huge potato-shaped rock, Lutetia.
"The fly-by has been a spectacular success with Rosetta performing fautlessly," ESA said in a statement.
"Just 24 hours ago, Lutetia was a distant stranger. Now, thanks to Rosetta, it has become a close friend," the agency added.

Holger Sierks of Germany's Max Planck Institute, who is in charge of the spacecraft's Osiris (Optical, Spectroscopic and Infrared Remote Imaging System) camera said the more than 400 "phantastic images" showed many craters and details.
"Rosetta opened up a new world which will keep scientists busy for years," he added.
"We have completed the fly-by phase," Rosetta's director of operations Andrea Accomazzo said earlier on the ESA's website from the European Space Operations Centre in Darmstadt, Germany.
The aim of the fly-by of the asteroid, measuring 134 kms (83.75 miles) in diameter, is to measure Lutetia's mass and then calculate its density, knowledge which could one day be a lifesaver, according to ESA scientists.
If a rogue asteroid enters on a collision course with Earth, knowing its density will help the planet's defenders to determine whether they should try to deflect the rock or, instead, blow it up.
As Rosetta is around half a million kilometres from Earth, the probe's signal and images took 25 minutes to be received.
Once widely dismissed as bland lumps of debris left over from the building of the planets, asteroids have turned out to be intriguingly individual.
They are extremely different in shape and size, from just hundreds of metres (yards) across to behemoths of 100 kms (60 miles) or more, and also vary in mineral flavours.
Most measurements suggest Lutetia is a "C" type of asteroid, meaning that it contains primitive compounds of carbon. But others indicate it could be an "M" type, meaning that it holds metals.
New data proving this could rewrite the theory about asteroid classification.
Metallic asteroids are far smaller than Lutetia: they are deemed to be fragments of far larger rocks that, in the bump and grind of the asteroid belt, were smashed apart.
The fly-by comes halfway through the extraordinary voyage of Rosetta, launched in 2004 on a 12-year, 7.1-billion-kilometre (4.4-billion-mile) mission.
One of the biggest gambles in the history of space exploration, the unmanned explorer is designed to meet up in 2014 with Comet 67/P Churyumov-Gerasimenko 675 million kms (422 million miles) from home.
The goal is to unlock the secrets of these lonely wanderers of the cosmos, whose origins date back to the dawn of the Solar System, some 4.5 billion years ago, before planets existed.
To get to its distant meeting point, Rosetta has had to play planetary billiards for five years, using four "gravitational assists" from Earth and Mars as slingshots to build up speed.

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10 ways to tell you're ready for a baby

Every time you switch on the television you see nappy adverts, everyone you know seems to be revealing they are pregnant, but how do you know whether you are ready to be a parent? The answer is it's such a big life-changing event that the no-one is really prepared for what it entails, but there are some tell-tale signs to suggest that you are willing to swap your high heels for comfy flats, short skirts for elasticated waists and are willing to sacrifice the spareroom for a nursery…

1. You and your man have discussed buying a kitten

Or a dog/rabbit/Guinea pig or all of the above! You obviously have the urge to nurture, feed, cuddle and have some level of responsibility and you are obviously prepared to part with some cash for pet food/vet bills. Is your need for a pet actually hiding your need for a baby? Are you seeing how your partner deals with a pet first before you announce you want a baby, or, are you testing him to see how much poo he ends up scooping up in the park, or keeping note of the early morning dog walks he offers to do? If you find yourself talking about your pet incessantly, dressing it up, cancelling nights out or rushing home to give your pet a cuddle, it is safe to say you are ready for a baby!

2. You prefer a night in to a night out

Yep, it happens to the best of us, the thought of donning our glad rags and going out on the town is far less appealing than settling down on the sofa with an M&S ten-pound meal deal and Desperate Housewives on the TV. Essentially your lifestyle is ready for a baby.

3. You dream of babies

If you have dreams of yourself walking along with a babe in arms, or holding a toddler's hands, it's fair to say that you're ready for a baby. Even if your conscious mind is screaming NO, NO BABIES, your sub-conscious mind is already in a baby store loading up the trolley.

4. You stop and admire other people's babies

If you find other peoples snotty, whingy babies cute then you are definitely ready for a baby. If you talk naturally to children and volunteer for babysitting your friend's children it's time for you to embrace the fact that you are more than ready for your own.

5. Your spare room looks empty and sad

Isn't it time you started shopping for butterfly wallpaper or train bedcovers? Doesn't your spareroom deserve to be more than just a room you pile the clean washing into before you (groan) get around to ironing it?

6. You've already chosen your babies' names

And told all your friends so that they don't steal your favourite names… Even without gurgle's babynamer for help - you're ready!

7. You've been around the world and had exotic holidays

Once babies arrive you'll be swapping those long haul flights for family campsites in rain drenched Devon, so if you've had lots of foreign holidays already or you've taken a 'year out' to travel, you'll be less likely to resent the fact that having children means you have to cap the luxury!

8. You've already cut down on alcohol/caffeine/smoking

Since these are two things that you must either cut out on or cut down on, it's going to be great help to you if you already reduce your consumption of them or if it wouldn't bother you to not have them everyday. If you think it would bother you, talk to your GP who can give you the right advice about cutting down or stopping.

9. You've both 'talked' about having babies

If you've had the 'talk' and it didn't end in him declaring he never wants babies and you in floods of tears, but felt more like a joint decision to have babies soon, then you are both probably ready. Making the decision to try for a baby is always going to be scary - but the good news is, once you do fall pregnant, you've got a whole nine months to prepare yourself, your partner, your mum, your spareroom… for the arrival of your little one!

You've sneaked into a baby store and 'pretended' you're buying a present for someone…

…But really you're imagining what you'd buy if you had a little baby to dress up and care for. If you found yourself nodding to at least five of the answers above, it's pretty certain that you are ready for a baby.


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Sunday, July 4, 2010

How to deal with sunburn

Spent too much time in the sun? Some tips on treating and preventing sunburn

Lets face it, sunburn is never a good look. The news that almost 3,000 people at Glastonbury this year needed to be treated for sunburn, dehydration and heatstroke - despite all the warnings - shows how we Brits have still not learned how to live with the sun.
What causes it?

If your skin gets too much sun, it will burn. It's the ultraviolet (UV) rays present in sunlight which do all the damage to your skin.

Although both UVA and UVB rays can penetrate the skin, UVB rays affect the top layers of the skin leading to redness, pain and swelling. UVA rays cause the skin to lose its elasticity, leading to premature ageing and leathery skin.

Both types of radiation can cause damage to cellular DNA, which is why being sunburnt also increases your risk of skin cancer.
How to treat it

If you have sunburn, the first thing to do is get out of the sun. There is no quick cure for sunburn, but there are things you
Keep the skin cool

Sunburnt skin is usually red, sore and feels warm when you touch it. You can cool your skin by applying a towel soaked in cool - not cold - water to the sunburnt skin. Or, have a cool shower or bath.
Keep the skin moist

Use a moisturising lotion to keep the skin moist. Aftersun lotions can also help the skin to feel cooler and Calamine lotion can help to soothe any itchiness.
Leave blisters alone

If the skin has blistered, don't burst them. If you do this, you increase the risk of developing an infection.
Drink plenty of fluids

Drink lots of cold drinks to replace water lost through sweating. Avoid all alcoholic drinks; they will cause you to dehydrate even more.
For the pain

Painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen can be taken by adults for pain and swelling.
When to see a doctor

If a large portion of your body has been burnt and blistered, you should get it checked out by your GP. This is also true if the sunburn doesn't improve within a few days or you have severe pain or a fever.
Prevention; don't let it happen again

Sunburn can be prevented. To be safe in the sun:

* Avoid the sun when it is the most intense, between 11am and 3pm
* Wear a broad rimmed hat and a t-shirt to cover your shoulders
* Wear sunglasses which block both UVA and UVB sunlight
* Use a broad-based sunscreen which protects against both UVA and UVB sunlight, with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 15 or more

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Tuesday, May 25, 2010

The top 10 places to work

Britain's best employers have been revealed - but what separates a great place to work from the rest?

The best companies to work for in the UK have been revealed this month in the 10th annual survey from the Great Place to Work Institute . The scheme ranks the UK's major employers by gauging the strength of the relationships between staff and management.

It also looks at how employees feel about their jobs and the companies they work for. Here are the top 10 this year:

1. Baringa Partners

2. Danone

3. Impact International

4. Microsoft

5. Novo Nordisk

6. NetApp UK

7. Diageo GB

8. General Mills UK

9. Danone Waters UK & Ireland

10. Admiral Group

As you can see, management consultancy Baringa Partners topped this year's poll. Elsewhere in the top 10 are household names like last year's winner Danone, Microsoft, drinks giant Diageo and insurer Admiral.

The scheme's chief executive Tom O'Byrne suggests the best firms understand that “progressive people management and generous benefits” are only part of creating a strong workplace culture and cites “trust” as the key element that makes a great place to work.

This “trust” is established through good communication and benefits that go way beyond a bonus and free mobile phone. So if you're looking for a top place to work, what benefits should you look out for?

The pension dilemma

Britain's major employers are struggling to deliver their pension obligations as the economy continues to stumble out of recession. Britain's 100 leading employers collectively face a £66bn shortfall in their pension scheme investments - and as a result gold-plated “defined benefit” pension schemes that pay a full salary on retirement are rapidly disappearing.

The new Government has yet to make any major moves on pension reform - which means job-hunters should look carefully at a company's pension scheme. Most firms now offer new employees a “defined contribution” pension which pays out a variable sum on retirement depending on how much has been saved.

Many employers link their contribution levels to employee length of service - which means, as a new employee, it's key to find a firm that automatically matches whatever sum their staff put into the scheme. Staff at all firms can obtain income tax relief on their pension contributions (although this will soon be restricted for higher earners) - so make sure you claim this too.

You can also boost your retirement income through investing into a self-invested personal pension (Sipp) - find out more about Sipps with this free guide.

Health and fitness benefits

Progressive employers all take great stock by providing healthcare plans and nurturing the well-being of their staff - and no wonder. Sickness absence in the firms comprising the survey's list of the 50 top UK employers was 30% lower than the national average - saving those organisations £20,760 per 100 employees per year.

In our first ever Frugal Fitness video, Verity Payne finds out how expensive it is to take up rock climbing and the potential benefits of doing so

So what form do these initiatives take? One common benefit is free private medical healthcare - yet be aware that this is considered by HMRC as a taxable benefit. In real terms, the taxable benefit value of private health cover deducted at payroll is £500 for individuals, around £1,000 for individuals and their partners and £1,250 for full family cover.

Whether you want to pay to obtain the obvious benefits of private health cover is up to you - but there are other tax-neutral schemes to promote health and well-being that are well worth hunting down. Many firms offer free gym membership which can be worth as much as £75-a-month, while on-site treatments such as massage, acupuncture and medical check-ups are also increasingly common. Free eye tests are another perk to look out for.

Another great programme is the Government's cycle to work scheme , which offers workers the chance to buy a bike through their payroll at a reduced cost. Tax relief is applied to the contributions and VAT is waived - typically helping participants save as much as 40% or 50% after a year on the retail price of a new bike. Ask if your firm is taking part.

Work / Life balance

New mums returning to work perhaps have the hardest time of all workforce members - so it's key to find an enlightened employer. One benefit that may soon disappear is the childcare voucher scheme - these are offered to working parents through tax-efficient payroll deduction but could, along with the Child Trust Fund, soon be revised under the new Government.

Elsewhere, many employers run childcare facilities such as onsite nurseries and emergency childcare schemes that can help parents find nurseries or medical help at short notice. Flexible working practices are also becoming increasingly common - a recent poll of 741 multinational employers found that 21% have instituted flexible working schemes such as “work from home” days in the past year.

Financial perks

Stringent new income tax laws could see employers move away from bonuses in future - which means it's worth looking out for employee share schemes. And these aren't just for senior executives - the UK Sharesave scheme allows workers to buy shares tax-free through payroll contributions. At the end of the investment term, workers can either buy shares or receive their investment back plus interest.

Wednesday, April 14, 2010

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Friday, April 9, 2010

Standing cat video is surprise Web hit

Home video footage of a cat casually standing on two legs like a human has become an Internet hit.

Sunday, April 4, 2010

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Friday, March 26, 2010

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